Dimitrios Karamichos, PhD
Jayoung Kim, Ph.D.
“3D-Printed, Personalized Corneal Model as a Topical Device for Improving
Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking Therapy”
Dr. Dimitrios Karamichos and Dr. Jayoung Kim are both faculty members of the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of North Texas Health Science Center (HSC) College of Pharmacy. Dr. Karamichos, a Professor and Executive Director of the North Texas Eye Research Institute (NTERI), has been continuously funded for >10 years by the National Institutes of Health, as well as other organizations. His research focuses on corneal diseases and the development of novel therapeutics, with over 80 peer-reviewed manuscripts, and ongoing service on study sections and editorial boards, including serving as a Chair of the National Institutes of Health Pathophysiology of Eye Disease 2 (PED2) Study Section of the Center for Scientific Review. Dr. Karamichos has held academic positions at the Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center and HSC.
Dr. Jayoung Kim received his postdoctoral fellow training at the Harvard University after graduating with a Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from the Johns Hopkins University in 2018. His laboratory research focuses on developing advanced carriers for gene therapy towards precision targeting of diseased tissues. One application is in anterior ocular disease, for which an engineered cornea-like hydrogel (i.e. contact lens) can facilitate the delivery of therapeutic agents, including genetic material. Dr. Kim has published in over 35 peer-reviewed journals and is a recipient of the intramural Early Stage Investigator Pilot Grant Program.
Current Project: Our project addresses the unmet need in the treatment of Keratoconus (KC), a complication in the cornea of eye that manifests corneal thinning and outward bulging. Corneal collagen cross-linking is an FDA-approved KC treatment but not a viable option for all KC patients, with corneal thickness below 400 μm being one of the reasons for disqualification due to potential damage of underlying tissue from the UV light during the procedure. We propose to engineer a protective artificial cornea layer that would allow sufficient amount of UV to pass through for collagen cross-linking while providing enough barrier to limit the UV from reaching the underlying tissue. The thickness of our artificial cornea will be personalized based on the individual patient’s corneal thickness. State-of-the-art 3D-printing will be utilized for the artificial cornea fabrication to enable personalization, reproducibility, and scale-up. With Drs. Karamichos and Kim’s collaborative effort in this Team Science Project, we fully utilize expertise in both corneal biology and bioengineering, respectively, to develop this innovative technology.
Rebecca Cunningham, PhD
Bruce Bunnell, Ph.D.
Michael Allen, Ph.D.
“The impact of gestational PCB exposure on maternal and fetal
Current Project: Drs. Cunningham, Bunnell, and Allen are examining the impact of ingesting environmental contaminants, such as methylmercury and PCBS, on maternal and fetal health outcomes. Food insecurity is high in underserved populations, which increases the risk of consuming contaminated fish due to urban subsistence fishing. State warnings against fish consumption vary widely, as each state sets its own advisory limits. It is unknown how maternal environmental contaminant consumption at levels observed with subsistent fishing impacts maternal health and fetal development. The goal of our research is to investigate the mechanisms and toxicological impacts of dietary environmental contaminant exposure in a rodent model to determine the role of maternal exposure/transfer on neurodevelopment, along with the metabolic and microbiome systems.
Luis Colon-Perez, PhD
David Siderovski, PhD
Kyle Emmitte, PhD
Michael Forster, PhD
“Team-based discovery and preclinical evaluation of cocaine addiction
Dr. Colon-Perez’s obtained his PhD in Physics from the University of Florida. His research focuses on determining in vivo markers of structure and function the brain, from connectivity in the form of graphs to microstructure in the form of mathematical models of water diffusion using MRI. Then, he trained as a neuroscientist in the Department of Psychiatry at UF, where he began to deploy physical models of connectivity and graph theory to study substance use disorders. In 2018, he joined the University of California Irvine as a research assistant professor in the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior before joining UNTHSC in his current role in January 2022. He has been successful to date with over 40 peer-reviewed articles, two research grants (a NIDA K25 and a BBRF Young Investigator grant), and several awards (2022 ACNP Jr Faculty travel award, 2017 MINDS fellow, and 2016 SfN’s NSP fellow); while also mentoring over 20 undergraduate students.
Dr. Siderovski holds a PhD in Medical Biophysics from the University of Toronto. He was the first to report the sequencing of a “Regulator of G protein Signaling” (RGS protein), which is the focus of this team science award.
Dr. Emmitte holds a PhD in Organic Chemistry from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His research interests relate to the design and optimization of biologically active small molecules to serve as drug discovery leads and optimized preclinical compounds.
Dr. Forster holds a PhD in Psychobiology from Bowling Green State University. He is Director of the UNTHSC site for the National Institute on Drug Abuse- Addiction Treatment Discovery Program (ATDP). His work has evaluated and reported on over 3,000 potential medications for the treatment of drug addiction using behavioral pharmacology methods of analysis.
Current Project: This team science award begins a collaborative effort between the Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience (Drs. Colon-Perez, Siderovski, and Forster) and the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Dr. Emmitte) to develop and refine RGS12 inhibitor small molecules for their promise as a first ever pharmacological therapeutic for cocaine use disorders. This effort uniquely integrates expertise from computational chemistry (Dr. Siderovski), pharmacology (Dr. Emmitte), rodent behavioral studies (Dr. Forster), and computational neuroscience and small animal neuroimaging (Dr. Colon-Perez) to develop and assess in computational predictions of prospective small molecules as surrogates to inhibit RGS12 function. RGS12 is a negative regulator of kappa opioid receptor (KOR) signaling. RGS12’s inhibition (by genetic ablation) increases KOR activity, dopamine transporter (DAT) and serotonin transporter (SERT) expression, thereby reducing the behavioral effects of cocaine abuse.