Interprofessional Education (IPE) as:
“when students from two or more professions learn about, from, and with each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health.”
Interprofessional Practice (IPP) occurs:
“when multiple health workers from different professional backgrounds work together with patients, families, care givers, and communities to deliver the highest quality of care.”
The purpose of Interprofessional Education is to prepare health professions students for Interprofessional Practice by teaching collaborative practice competencies within the context of Interprofessional Teams. Research shows that effective health care teams are a factor in improved patient safety and quality of patient-centered care. Effective teamwork can help accomplish the Institute of Healthcare Improvement’s (IHI) Triple Aim – improving patient experience of care, improving the health of populations, and reduction of per capita cost of health care.
Health care professions have historically trained in “silos” with little emphasis on team dynamics. Collaborative practice competencies (the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors) must be integrated into health professions curriculum (both didactic and experiential learning).
Collaborative practice competencies fit well within several common heath care domains: professionalism, communication, and systems-based practice. The Interprofessional Education Collaborative’s 4 IPE Competency Domains offer a framework to structure the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors necessary for effective collaboration across health care professions. The competencies can be delivered to students in a variety of learning contexts and should include opportunities for students from two or more professions to come together to learn about, from, and with each other and to practice collaboration skills.
To be purely Interprofessional Education the focus must be on collaborative practice competency development and culminate into opportunities to apply or practice with students from other professions.
This page was last modified on August 6, 2015