School of Public Health

Qualitative Methods

Qualitative Methods15Qualitative methods are used to understand people’s beliefs, experiences, attitudes, behavior, and lived experiences. Qualitative data collection can include interviews, focus groups, document reviews, observations, and ethnography.


  • Griner, S.B., Johnson, K.C., Neelamegam, M., Webb, N.J., Kinard, A., & Kline, N. (2023). Direct-to-consumer STI screening methods: Preferred communication sources and channels among young adult women. Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
  • Griner, S.B., Reeves, J.M., Webb, N.J., Johnson, K.C., Kline, N., & Thompson, E.L. (2022). Consumer-based STI screening among young adult women: The negative influence of the social system. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001655
  • Johnson, K.C., Akpan, I., Kinard, A., Reeves, J., & Griner S.B. (2023). Self-sampling methods for sexually transmitted infection screening among college women: A qualitative study to identify opinion leaders. HPHR, 52
  • Greene, K.M., Murphy, S.T., & Rossheim, M.E. (2018). Context and Culture: Reasons Young Adults Drink and Drive in Rural America. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 121, 194-201. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2018.09.008  PMCID: PMC6223126
  • Griner, S.B., Reeves, J.M., Webb, N.J., Johnson, K.C., Kline, N., & Thompson, E.L. (2022). Consumer-based STI screening among young adult women: The negative influence of the social system. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (In Press).
  • Griner, S.B., Vamos, C.A., Puccio, J.A., Perrin, K., Beckstead, J.W., & Daley, E.M. (2019). “I’ll just pick it up…”: Women’s acceptability of self-sampling methods for STI screening. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 46(12), 762-767.
  • Griner, S.B., Thompson, E.L., Vamos, C.A., Chaturvedi, A., Vazquez-Otero, C., Merrell, L.M., Kline, N.S., & Daley, E.M. (2019). Dental opinion leaders’ perspectives on barriers and facilitators to HPV-related prevention. Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, 15(7-8), 1856-1862.
  • Kline, N. (2022). Health and immigration systems as an ethnographic field: Methodological lessons from examining immigration enforcement and health in the US. Social Science & Medicine300, 114498
  • Kline, N. (2019). When deservingness policies converge: US immigration enforcement, health reform and patient dumping. Anthropology & Medicine26(3), 280-295.
  • Kline, N. (2017). Pathogenic policy: Immigrant policing, fear, and parallel medical systems in the US South. Medical anthropology36(4), 396-410.
  • Lewis, M. A., Atkins, D. C., Blayney, J. A., Dent, D. V., Kaysen, D. L. (2013). What is hooking up? Examining definitions of hooking up in relation to hooking up behavior and normative perceptions. The Journal of Sex Research, 50, 757-766. 10.1080/00224499.2012.706333 PMCID: PMC3546226
  • Lewis, M. A., Cadigan, J. M., Cronce, J. M., Kilmer, J. R., Suffoletto, B., Walter, T., & Lee, C. M. (2018). Developing text message interventions to reduce community college student alcohol use. American Journal of Health Behavior, 42, 70-79.
  • Litt, D. M., Lewis, M. A., Spiro, E., Aulck, L., **Waldron, K. A., **Swanson, A., & **Head-Corliss, M. K. (2018).  #drunktwitter:  An examination of the relationship between self-reported drinking behavior and publicly available Twitter activity.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 193, 75-82.
  • Rossheim, M.E., Greene, K.M., & Stephenson, C.J. (2018). Activities and Situations When Young Adults Drive Drunk in Rural Montana. American Journal of Health Behavior, 42(3), 27-36. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.42.3.3  PMCID: PMC5993420
  • Thompson, E.L., Daley, E.M., Vamos, C.A., Horowitz, A.M., Catalanotto, F.A., DeBate, R.D., Merrell, L.M., Griner, S., Vázquez-Otero, C., & Kline, N.S. (2017). Health literacy approaches to improving communication between dental hygienists and patients for HPV-related oral cancer prevention.  Journal of Dental Hygiene, 91(4): 37-45. PMID: 29118082.
  • Thompson, E.L., Vamos, C.A., Jones, J., Liggett, L.G., Griner, S.B., Logan, R., & Daley, E.M. (2018). Perceptions of Zika virus prevention among college students in Florida. Journal of Community Health, 43(4):673-679. PMID: 29380211.
  • Thompson, E.L., Galvin, A.M., Rohr, D., Klocek, C., Lowe, H., & Spence, E.E. (2020). Navigating the system for families experiencing homelessness. Journal of Children and Poverty, 26(2):253-267. doi: 10.1080/10796126.2020.1835131.