Online / mHealth interventions

mHealth1The use of technology in healthcare delivery has rapidly expanded in recent years. In public health settings, technology-based systems have been shown to improve medical compliance and smoking cessation, and to prompt changes in diet and physical activity. According to Fogg (2009), technology can be persuasive by increasing motivation, making something easier to do (ability), or providing reminders or cues to action (triggers). Many commercially available systems address these elements by providing normative feedback, risk estimates, planning activities, reminders, or facilitating connections to other people.

Dr. Walters has received funding from the NIH and CMS to develop and test computer and smartphone-based interventions for a variety of health behaviors, including substance use, mHealth2criminal justice compliance, and preventive health behaviors. One current project is developing and testing a “just-in-time” adaptive cellphone intervention for homeless adult drinkers. Another project is developing and evaluating an online vocational training programs for veterans with a felony history.  Additionally, Dr. Walters and Dr. Spence have implemented a technology-enhanced health coaching intervention for socioeconomically disadvantaged adults in the community. Dr. Litt has received funding from the NIH to develop and test computer and web-based interventions for reducing alcohol use and related negative consequences among adolescents and young adults. Dr. Lewis’ program of research incorporates technology (i.e., web-based interventions, text-message interventions) to evaluate alcohol and sexual risk taking interventions among adolescents and young adults