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CLEAR’s Spring 2016 First Day of Class webinar

CLEAR – The Center for Learning Enhancement, Assessment & Redesign – at UNT Denton recently presented a Spring 2016. CLEAR, in cooperation with UNT faculty and the Dean of Students office, presented the webinar, Preparing for the First Day of Class. Presenters focused on their own plans for this important First Day as well as […]


Teach & Share Faculty Development

Do you want quick and easy faculty development? Teach & Share sessions let you meet other great instructors and learn effective teaching practices from wherever you are. These short online sessions give you the opportunity to connect with colleagues about the latest teaching strategies and techniques from one another. You can also share experiences and […]

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Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: Promoting HOT and Active Learning Using Technology Lunch & Learn

Lunch & Learn: How do I use technology to promote Active Learning and Higher Order Thinking? Participants will explore Web 2.0 tools available for Active Learning and Higher Order Thinking applications that align with Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy. The content developed is designed for participants to develop the critical thinking and technical skills to effectively utilize […]

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Instructional Systems Design Infographic

This Instructional Systems Design infographic begins with the supporting theory basis and displays the depth and breadth of the instructional design profession’s art and science. Find more education infographics on e-Learning Infographics Courtesy of Cj’s Instructional Systems Design blog

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Provide ‘Feedforward’ with Exemplars

There is growing interest in the pedagogical literature in something called feedforward. It is, as the name implies, the opposite of feedback, which provides input after the fact. Feedforward offers input focused on the future. It lets students know what they should be doing or could be doing differently next time. If it’s a similar […]


Promoting Engagement in Larger Classes

A while back, I was asked to teach my department’s introductory course. It was called “Weather & Climate” and averaged about 30 students per semester. Over time I changed the curriculum to focus more on extreme weather and climate issues, and I retitled the course “Extreme Weather.” Now it averages about 200 students per semester. […]

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Classroom Response System iClicker

A classroom response system allows students to instantly provide feedback and answer questions posed by their instructors. Using iClicker Cloud can significantly increase student’s interaction, attention, feedback, and participation. For more information, please visit these sites: Tutorials iClicker Cloud Instructor Guide iClicker Cloud Student Guide

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Multiple Choice Questions Definition

Multiple choice test items consist of a number of components: The item stem is where one lays out the question and needed context. Generally, factual questions require little or no context.  Higher order thinking questions requiring skills such as analysis or evaluation typically require a paragraph, chart, photograph, etc. to analyze or evaluate. Examples of item […]

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Cognition: Understanding How People Learn

Pre-existing knowledge Findings from cognitive sciences suggest that people construct new knowledge based on what they already know and believe. Students bring to classroom a range of prior knowledge, experiences, and beliefs (some of them are false or immature), which significantly impact how students perceive, organize, and interpret what we teach in classroom. Abundant evidence […]

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Multiple Choice Question Item Construction

Step One: Before Test Construction Begins Define learning outcomes to be assessed by the test questions Construct a test matrix or blueprint to track learning outcomes and multiple choice questions Once you know the learning outcomes and item types you want to include in your test you should create a test matrix or blueprint. This […]

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Multiple Choice Questions

Definition: MCQs are structured assessments in which questions are presented and followed by two or more possible choices from which the test-taker selects the correct answer.  A true-false questions is the simplest example of a MCQ but generally MCQs provide 3 or more alternatives from which to choose. Application: They are quite useful in assessing […]

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Using Checklists for learner performance

Checklists are also used to highlight learner performance. They are designed to align with prescribed tasks and ensure learners are aware of task requirements. Checklists serve to outline the necessary components of a given task and can be useful for sharing performance information with stakeholders. Less informative than rubrics, they typically do not indicate the […]

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Constructing Multiple Choice Questions

Recommended Practice Before Test Construction Begins Define learning objectives to be assessed by the test Construct a 2X2 matrix to track learning objectives and multiple choice questions (see example of Test Construction Matrix). Plan for a minimum of two to three questions for each learning objective.  The more questions the more reliable the information about […]

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Using assessment data

The most common output generated by assessment tools are response rates and achievement mastery levels. Data elicited from a multiple choice instrument contains many pieces of information that can help the instructor identify strengths and weakness of the student and the instrument itself. The figure below shows a sample of what type of data can […]

Multiple Choice Questions and Peerwise

Social learning theory (Bandura, 1986), social constructivism (Vgotsky, 1978), and communal constructivism (Tangney, FitzGibbon, Savage, & Mehan, 2001) provide research support for active student engagement in assessment within a learning community (Reilly & Denny, 2010).  Researchers have demonstrated higher performance by students who work with other students to create exam questions (Denny et al. 2008; […]

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Assessment Strategies

Characteristics of the Best Assessments Acquiring knowledge and skills in a profession is a journey to the goal of mastery.   Good assessment helps the learner by providing a clear destination, hands-on driving lessons, progress gauges, and a road map. Authentic Assessments for Small Classes Assessment  of the tasks and challenges likely to occur in […]

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About Today’s Learners

Andragogy – Adult Learners Our students are different from school children in many distinctive ways. Andragogy is an instructional theory specifically for adult learners. Malcolm Knowles contends that the andragogy model has four basic assumptions about adult learners: Adults need to know why they need to learn something; Adults need to learn experientially; Adults approach […]

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Assessment Reliability and Validity

Reliability determines how consistently a measurement of skill or knowledge yields similar results under varying conditions. If a measure has high reliability, it yields consistent results. There are four principal ways to estimate the reliability of a measure: Inter-observer: Is determined by the extent to which different observers or evaluators examine the same presentation, demonstration, project, paper, or other performance and agree on […]