Basic Strategy for Formative Assessment

Tools for Formative Assessment

Basic Strategy

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Concept Mapping

Concept maps are drawings or diagrams used to help students organize and represent knowledge of a subject. Concept maps begin with a main idea (or concept) and then branch out to show how that main idea can be broken down into specific topics.

Student-Generated Test Question

Students generate test questions and model answers for critical areas of learning.

3-2-1 Reflection

The 3-2-1 is a quick reflective activity that encourages students to reflect on a course experience and organize their thoughts and identify areas of confusion or concern.

Differentiation Grid

The differentiation grid is a simple, two-dimensional table divided into rows and columns that helps the student think through the differences in 2-3 disease presentations.

The grid is used to organize information and identify relationships. Some cells in the grid are intentionally left blank where students are asked to fill in the blank cells, demonstrating their understanding of the content. There is moderate investment of time required on behalf of faculty to create the grid and then analyze the results.

Muddiest Point

Muddiest Point is a quick monitoring technique in which students are asked to take a few minutes to write down the most difficult or confusing part of a lesson, lecture, or reading. It is simple to create and facilitate. It only takes 15 minutes to collect and review approximately 100 muddiest points. While it is easy to use, over using one technique can fatigue students and devalue the process.

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